From the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climatic Data Center (NCDC):
“What’s the first thing that comes to mind when you hear Antarctica or Greenland? If you’re like most people, the answer is probably ice and lots of it. And it is ice that draws paleoclimatologists literally to the ends of the Earth in the quest for knowledge about where our planet has been, where it is, and where it might be going.”
From the Delta Stewardship Council (DSC) Delta Science Program:
“The 2013 Delta Science Plan has been released. Called for in the Delta Stewardship Council’s Delta Plan, the Science Plan is a framework for conducting science that organizes and integrates Delta science activities and builds an open, collaborative science community (One Delta, One Science).”
“Clues from ancient Hawaiian coral show a major shift in the subtropic Pacific Ocean’s ecosystem around 1850.
“A research team from UC Santa Cruz has created a 1,000-year record of how the North Pacific Subtropic Gyre, the world’s largest ecosystem, produces organic material, said Owen Sherwood, co-author of the study.”
“NASA says an airborne mission helped water managers for 2.6 million Californians achieve near-perfect water operations this summer.
“Despite the driest year in California’s recorded history, high-resolution snow maps of the Tuolumne River Basin in the Sierra Nevada provided by the prototype Airborne Snow Observatory mission helped optimize reservoir filling and hydroelectric generation at a reservoir and dam that serves the San Francisco Bay Area, the space agency reported Monday.”
“In a suite of findings announced Monday, the scientists are painting a vivid picture of Gale Crater: filled with a modest lake of water, rich in the chemical ingredients for life, theoretically able to support a whole Martian biosphere based on Earth-like microbes called chemolithoautotrophs.”
“About 3.5 billion years ago — around the time life is thought to have first arisen on Earth — Mars had a large freshwater lake that might well have been hospitable to life, scientists reported Monday.
“The lake lay in the same crater where NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity landed last year and has been exploring ever since.
“A new study based on Earth-observing satellite data comprehensively describes changes in the world’s forests from the beginning of this century. Published in Science today [Nov. 14], this unparalleled survey of global forests tracked forest loss and gain at the spatial granularity of an area covered by a baseball diamond (30-meter resolution).
From the California Department of Water Resources (DWR):
“With the new California Irrigation Management Information System (CIMIS) trailer in West Sacramento, DWR employees now have a better station for repairing sensors used to gather information for California’s agricultural lands, golf courses and other landscapes.
“CIMIS was created in 1982 by the California Department of Water Resources and the University of California at Davis to provide reference evapotranspiration (ETo) estimates to irrigators.”
“The fields of the Sacramento River floodplain generate much of the nation’s rice supply—but if managed just right, it seems they could also help produce wild fish.
“A two-year experiment led in part by UC Davis scientists has revealed that baby chinook salmon can thrive in submerged rice paddies, where sun-warmed waters generate algae and phytoplankton that provide essential food for young fish and other creatures.”
“As California concludes a second drought year and water managers hope eagerly to avoid a third, utilities across the state are poised for that first mass of pillowy gray clouds to drift ashore from the Pacific Ocean.
“When it arrives, if conditions are right, they’ll be ready with cloud-seeding tools to squeeze out every extra snowflake, with the goal of boosting the snowpack that ultimately feeds the state’s water-storage reservoirs.”
“Horticulturists recently announced that they had successfully cloned a genetic replica of an ailing 130-year-old giant sequoia planted by conservationist John Muir in the 1880s on his ranch in Martinez, Calif.”
Although dousing the flames was foremost in people’s minds during the recent Rim Fire in Stanislaus National Forest and Yosemite National Park, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientific work continues well after the fire is out.
“One out of every five sunlike stars in the galaxy has a planet the size of Earth circling it in the Goldilocks zone — not too hot, not too cold — where surface temperatures should be compatible with liquid water, according to a herculean three-year calculation based on data from the Kepler spacecraft by Erik Petigura, a graduate student at the University of California, Berkeley.”
“California’s gold rush may long be over, but mercury-contaminated soil from mining activities in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada continues to flow downstream, impacting fish and the environment, a new study suggests.”
“Scientists have discovered a weather pattern that foreshadows heat waves and could be used to predict them more than two weeks in advance, well beyond the 10-day range of weather forecasts, a new study reports.
“Researchers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research wondered if the prolonged and often deadly heat waves that hit the United States and other Northern Hemisphere countries during the summer could be triggered by large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns.”